Tag Archives: Joseph Healey Hedge Fund

Planning to invest in Hedge funds?

15 Feb

For investors planning to invest in Hedge funds, one of the major concerns is regarding the fees that are associated with the hedge funds. This article is designed to help concerned  investors get their answers on the fees associated with hedge funds? After going through the information provided here, you will feel a bit more informed.

There are various fees involved in managing the hedge funds. In the majority of the financial markets across the globe, the following fees normally form a part of the hedge fund.

Withdrawal Fee

This is the fee that is charged by the hedge fund manager when the investor withdraws money from his/her hedge fund account. This fee has been introduced to discourage the investors from frequently withdrawing money from their hedge fund account. Such fees are applicable when the investor withdraws the money too soon or when the investor withdraws more money than the set limits.

Management Fee

This is the fee that goes to the fund manager who manages the hedge fund. The fee for the hedge fund manager is usually set between one percent and four percent of the total hedge fund value. This fee is usually paid to the fund manager in installments.

Performance Fee

In addition to the management fee, the hedge fund manager is also eligible for a performance fee. A certain percentage of the fund profits is set aside as the performance fee. This usually ranges from 18% to 20% of the total fund profits.

Hurdle rates

Hurdle rates are used  for computing the performance fees. Hurdle rates are calculated by comparing the fund performance with external standards. The external standard would include the standards established by the country’s apex financial regulatory institution. The fund manager would not receive a performance fee if the rate of fund return is less than the hurdle rate.

High water marks

This is another factor in addition to hurdle rates that goes in to determining the performance fees of the fund manager.

Where can you get hedge funds?

25 Jan

Where can you get hedge funds?

Because hedge funds are not sold to the public or retail investors, the funds and their managers have historically not been subject to the same restrictions that govern other funds and investment fund managers with regard to how the fund may be structured and how strategies and techniques are employed. Regulations passed in the United States and Europe after the 2008 credit crisis are intended to increase government oversight of hedge funds and eliminate certain regulatory gaps.

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Controversy and debates about hedge fund

2 Dec

There are several debates and controversies on the subject of hedge funds. A good deal of the debate has to do with the fact that there is supposedly systemic risk when dealing with hedge funds. Also, a good deal of attention is paid to the fact that there is very little transparency required with hedge funds, as they are considered private investments, and have limited regulation compared to other types of investments.

Critics of hedge funds have claimed that the nature of these high risk investments could lead to a domino effect in the financial sector with catastrophic results. Systemic risk refers to the collapse of the entire financial system, and so it may be difficult for some to picture one failed hedge fund or failed hedge fund company bringing the entire system down. However, people who feel that – if such a failure should happen, and it should be noted that failure has happened on scales both big and small – a major failure could occur with one hedge fund, and be seen in hedge funds that are similar. Many pro-hedge fund people debate this claim of systemic risk, because failure has already occurred in many hedge funds, and the result was that the financial system was nowhere near systemic failure. When a hedge fund does fail, they are typically leveraged low and the market as a whole can weather the failure fairly easily. In fact, dozens of hedge funds failed during the financial crisis – and there was still not systemic failure.

The other major issue that is up for debate is transparency. The lack of disclosure that is required regarding hedge funds is deeply troubling to some people, who argue that this atmosphere of secrecy can perpetuate fraud. In many cases, the investors themselves have very limited information on what the hedge fund managers are actually doing. An example of issues with transparency would be that many American hedge funds do not rely on third parties to perform crucial tasks, such as administration or acting as custodian of assets, and this has been shown to lead to conflict of interest, and in some cases even fraud. There have been several high profile arrests made of people who have engaged in fraudulent behaviors or schemes with regards to running hedge funds.

Another issue regarding hedge funds is the fact that it is extremely difficult to track performance statistics. Between the fact that the majority of hedge funds were not required to submit performance findings, and the fact that there is a restriction against public advertisement and offerings (leading to a reticence or outright refusal of fund managers to willingly put the performance information out to the public), it is incredibly difficult to comprehensively study how hedge funds perform on average. Individual funds can be studied, but many remain a relative mystery.

These are just some of the controversies and debates surrounding hedge funds. Hedge funds are a subject of some scrutiny after the financial crisis of recent years. The SEC, for example, is scrutinizing the possibility of insider trading within hedge funds; it remains to be seen, but there is always a chance that regulation will be strengthened for hedge funds.

History of hedge funds

14 Nov

Hedge funds have become increasingly more well-known and popular over the last decade or so, after experiencing some historical ups and downs in terms of popularity. Hedge funds are certainly not new. This unique investment structure may have also changed a bit since its inception, but still resembles the original “model” of a hedge fund in many cases.

The person commonly credited with having “invented” the hedge fund is Alfred Winslow Jones (he also coined the term “hedged fund”). This Harvard graduate was a very remarkable man, and inventing the hedge fund was only one of his achievements. The hedge fund as we would recognize it in these modern times “debuted” in 1949, when Jones opened an equity fund as a private partnership. This did several things, and what was probably most important about it was that this merger meant the hedge fund was exempt from SEC regulation. Additionally, he combined leverage and short sales in a unique way to give him flexibility, and by doing so created a new model for investment practices. In 1952, Jones turned the private partnership into a limited partnership, and also paid a “performance fee” – these are two aspects of the modern hedge fund that are ubiquitous today.

Once Jones established (or, according to people who do not attribute the invention of the hedge fund to Jones himself, popularized) the general structure of hedge funds, they caught on. People were intrigued by the chance to invest without slavishly following the market’s trends, and also by the chance to invest in relative secrecy, not being regulated by the SEC. Throughout the following decades, hedge funds rose in popularity. By 1968, there were nearly two hundred.

Things changed during the following recession and stock market crash in the 1970s. Because of the substantial loss that the financial sector had seen, fewer people were willing and able to deal with hedge fund investments. However, by the 1980s, hedge funds had increased in popularity and were coming out of the slump of the 1970s, where the majority of hedge fund investments were single-strategy. By the 1990s, the media had popularized hedge funds more than ever before, and they were considered lucrative and full of new investors because of the stock market rise at the time. As the decade progressed, more strategies were added to the hedge fund investment “repertoire,” and hedge funds became truly and incredibly diversified.

The heyday of the hedge fund was probably in the mid to late 2000s. However, with the financial crisis at the end of the decade came a drop in popularity for hedge funds. The difficult financial times meant that a portion of hedge funds failed completely, and investor withdrawals were restricted due to liquidity issues. Despite the difficulties presented by the credit crunch/financial crisis, hedge funds continue to be popular and to thrive. Though they are often high risk, and though there will probably always be hedge fund failures, this unique type of investment continues to attract investors from around the entire world.